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Jun 29, 2011

存理克欲(六)

孟子曰:“雞鳴而起,孳孳(zi资)為善者,舜之徒也。雞鳴而起,孳孳為利者,蹠之徒也。欲知舜與蹠之分,無他,利與善之閒也。” 

Mencius said, 'He who rises at cock-crowing and addresses himself earnestly to the practice of virtue, is a disciple of Shun. He who rises at cock-crowing, and addresses himself earnestly to the pursuit of gain, is a disciple of Zhi. If you want to know what separates Shun from Zhi, it is simply this: the interval between the thought of gain and the thought of virtue.'


语译:
   孟子说:听到鸡叫就起来,努力行善的人,是像舜这一类的人。听到鸡叫就起来,努力追求利的人,是像盗跖这一类的人。要知道舜和盗跖的不同,没有别的,只是追求利和追求善的分别罢了。


析论:
   鸡鸣而起,孳孳为善,久而久之,仁心日养日熟,就会有一种发自内心,自立自主而产生的贞定坚强之德,无论在朝在野,都能散发道德人格的光辉。
  相反地,那些鸡鸣而起,孳孳为利的人,每天心中只想到利,久而久之,仁心越来越淡薄,善性越来越放失,平日固然不会想到行善,真正遇到有事的时候,一定是仁义放两边,利字摆中间,一切以我为优先,甚至于损人利己,伤天害理的事都无所不为了。凡夫平民,为害还算有限,如果地位越高,为害越大,这不就像盗跖之徒了么?
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