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May 17, 2011

Android SystemProperties

Change value in Android console, code read value and switch branch.

In console
$ setprop rw.SECOND_DISPLAY_CONNECTED 0
In CPP code
property_get("rw.SECOND_DISPLAY_CONNECTED", value, "");
In Java code
import android.os.SystemProperties;
...
int value= SystemProperties.getInt("rw.SECOND_DISPLAY_CONNECTED",0);
The SystemProperties definition in "~/myandroid/frameworks/base/core/java/android/os/SystemProperties.java"
public class SystemProperties
{
    public static final int PROP_NAME_MAX = 31;
    public static final int PROP_VALUE_MAX = 91;

    private static native String native_get(String key);
    private static native String native_get(String key, String def);
    private static native int native_get_int(String key, int def);
    private static native long native_get_long(String key, long def);
    private static native boolean native_get_boolean(String key, boolean def);
    private static native void native_set(String key, String def);

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key.
     * @return an empty string if the key isn't found
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key exceeds 32 characters
     */
    public static String get(String key) {
        if (key.length() > PROP_NAME_MAX) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("key.length > " + PROP_NAME_MAX);
        }
        return native_get(key);
    }

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key.
     * @return if the key isn't found, return def if it isn't null, or an empty string otherwise
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key exceeds 32 characters
     */
    public static String get(String key, String def) {
        if (key.length() > PROP_NAME_MAX) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("key.length > " + PROP_NAME_MAX);
        }
        return native_get(key, def);
    }

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key, and return as an integer.
     * @param key the key to lookup
     * @param def a default value to return
     * @return the key parsed as an integer, or def if the key isn't found or
     *         cannot be parsed
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key exceeds 32 characters
     */
    public static int getInt(String key, int def) {
        if (key.length() > PROP_NAME_MAX) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("key.length > " + PROP_NAME_MAX);
        }
        return native_get_int(key, def);
    }

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key, and return as a long.
     * @param key the key to lookup
     * @param def a default value to return
     * @return the key parsed as a long, or def if the key isn't found or
     *         cannot be parsed
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key exceeds 32 characters
     */
    public static long getLong(String key, long def) {
        if (key.length() > PROP_NAME_MAX) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("key.length > " + PROP_NAME_MAX);
        }
        return native_get_long(key, def);
    }

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key, returned as a boolean.
     * Values 'n', 'no', '0', 'false' or 'off' are considered false.
     * Values 'y', 'yes', '1', 'true' or 'on' are considered true.
     * (case insensitive).
     * If the key does not exist, or has any other value, then the default
     * result is returned.
     * @param key the key to lookup
     * @param def a default value to return
     * @return the key parsed as a boolean, or def if the key isn't found or is
     *         not able to be parsed as a boolean.
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key exceeds 32 characters
     */
    public static boolean getBoolean(String key, boolean def) {
        if (key.length() > PROP_NAME_MAX) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("key.length > " + PROP_NAME_MAX);
        }
        return native_get_boolean(key, def);
    }

    /**
     * Set the value for the given key.
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key exceeds 32 characters
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the value exceeds 92 characters
     */
    public static void set(String key, String val) {
        if (key.length() > PROP_NAME_MAX) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("key.length > " + PROP_NAME_MAX);
        }
        if (val != null && val.length() > PROP_VALUE_MAX) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("val.length > " +
                PROP_VALUE_MAX);
        }
        native_set(key, val);
    }
}
From the code above, we can know when we call SystemProperties.getInt(), it will excute "int native_get_int(String key, int def)" .
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